Are MLATs broken? Before you ask that questions, let’s see where they exist first.

This database is inspired by the original Global MLAT list initially hosted by AccessNow.org at their microsite, mlat.info. I miss it a lot, so decided that I would start my own list, since it looks like that site is not coming back up!

CountryACountryBMLAT NameYear
SingaporeSingaporeMutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act (CHAPTER 190A)2000
IndiaAustraliaTreaty between the Republic of India and Australia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (2008)2008
AlgeriaUnited KingdomThe Convention between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Peoples Democratic Republic of Algeria on Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
Antigua and BarbudaAgreement Between the Government of Canada and the Government of Antigua and Barbuda Regarding the Sharing of Forfeited or Confiscated Assets and Equivalent Funds
Antigua and BarbudaTreaty Between the Govenrment of the United States of Amercia and the Government of Saint Lucia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ArgentinaAgreement on the Abuse and Illicit Trafficking of Drugs
ArgentinaAgreement on Trafficking in Narcotics
ArgentinaConvention on Legal Cooperation
ArgentinaConvention on the Abuse and Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics
ArgentinaConvention on the International Protection of Children
ArgentinaTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ArgentinaConvention on the Exchange of Information on Criminal Records
ArgentinaAgreement on Abuse Prevention and Repression of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
ArgentinaAgreement on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ArgentinaTraffic in Narcotic Drugs Convention
ArgentinaConvention on the Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics
ArgentinaConvention on the Repression of the Trafficking of Narcotics
ArgentinaAgreement on Control and Repression of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, Precursors, and Essential Chemicals
ArgentinaConvention on the Trafficking of Narcotics
ArgentinaAgreement of Cooperation for the Fight Against the Abuse and Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances
ArgentinaConvention on the Prevention of the Illegal Use and Trafficking of Narcotics
ArgentinaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Argentine Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
ArgentinaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Argentine Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
ArgentinaConvention on the Prevention and Repression of the Trafficking of Narcotics
ArgentinaConvention on Legal Assistance
ArgentinaConvention on the Illegal Use and Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics
ArgentinaAgreement on Assistance in Criminal Matters
Ashmore and Cartier Is.Treaty Between Australia and the Republic of Hungary on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of the Philippines on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and Finland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Portugal on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the French Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Between Australia and the Kingdom of Spain
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Hellenic Republic (Greece) on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and Sweden on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaAgreement Between the Government of Australia and the Government of Hong Kong concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and Switzerland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Hungary on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Kingdom of Thailand on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of India on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaAgreement Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning the investigation, restraint and confiscation of the proceeds and instruments of crime
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Indonesia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of Australia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Between Australia and the Republic of Italy
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Korea on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Argentine Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty between the Government of Australia and the Government of Malaysia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters done at Putrajaya in Malaysia
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Government of the Republic of Austria on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of Canada on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and Australia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the United Mexican States on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the People’s Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between Australia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustraliaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Ecuador on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustriaProtocol to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Austria on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustriaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Austria on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AustriaTreaty Between Australia and the Government of the Republic of Austria on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
AzerbaijanTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Azerbaijan on Mutual Legal Assistancein Criminal Matters
BahamasDepartment of Justice Treaty Between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matter
BahamasTreaty Between the United States of America and the Commonwealth of the Bahamas on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
BahamasTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BahrainAgreement Between the Republic of India and the Kingdom of Bahrain on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BarbadosTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Barbados on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BarbadosAgreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Barbados Regarding the Sharing of Forfeited or Confiscated Assets and Equivalent Funds
BarbadosMutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BarbadosAgreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Barbados Regarding the Sharing of Foregeited or Confiscated Assets and Equivalent Funds
BelarusTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Belarus on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BelgiumAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BelgiumTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BelizeTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Belize on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BermudaTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Bermuda Relating to Mututal Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BoliviaConvention on the Abuse and Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics
BoliviaAgreement on Control and Repression of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, Precursors, and Essential Chemicals
BoliviaConvention on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
BoliviaCooperation Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
BoliviaConvention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
BoliviaAgreement on Cooperation to Prevent the Illicit Use of Precursors and Essential Chemical Substances used for the Illicit Production of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
Bosnia and Herz.Treaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and Bosnia and Herzegovina on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BrazilAgreement on Cooperation to Prevent the Illicit Use of Precursors and Essential Chemical Substances used for the Illicit Production of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
BrazilAgreement on Trafficking in Narcotics
BrazilAgreement by Exchange of Notes for the Constitution of a Bilateral Work Group to Suppress Criminality and Terrorism
BrazilAgreement on Cooperation for the Combat to Drug Trafficking and Chemical Dependency
BrazilAgreement on Cooperation to Combat the Traffic of Aircrafts involved in illicit transnational activities
BrazilAgreement on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of Peru
BrazilMutual Assistance Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Trafficking of Addictive Drugs
BrazilAgreement on Cooperation to Prevent Consumption, Rehabilitation, Production Control and the Illicit Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Related Offenses
BrazilAgreement on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the United States of America
BrazilMutual Cooperation Agreement for Reducing Demand, Preventing Illicit Use and Combating Illicit Production and Trafficking of Drugs
BrazilAgreement on Cooperation for Reducing Demand, Preventing Illicit Use and Combating Production and the Illicit Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and their Precursors and immediate Chemical Products
BrazilTreaty between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BrazilTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BrazilAgreement on Prevention, Control, Suppression and Repression of the Illicit Use and Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
BrazilAgreement on Cooperation to Prevent the Illicit Use of Precursors and Essential Chemical Substances used for the Illicit Production of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
BrazilAgreement on Cooperation to Reduce the Demand, Prevent the Illegal Use and Combat the Production and Illicit Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
BrazilTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
BrazilAgreement on Legal Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the Republic of Colombia
BulgariaTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Bulgaria
BulgariaAgreement on Certain Aspects of Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Bulgaria
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Kingdom of the Netherlands on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Czech Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Oriental Republic of Uruguay on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Peru on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Poland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Portugal on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaDepartment of Justice Treaty Between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matter
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of France on Mutual Assistance in Penal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of Romania on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Federal Republic of Germany on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Russian Federation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaAgreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Barbados Regarding the Sharing of Forfeited or Confiscated Assets and Equivalent Funds
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Hellenic Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and Spain on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaAgreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of Sweden on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of Australia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Hungary on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Swiss Confederation on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Austria on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of India on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Argentine Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Italy on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and Ukraine on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of South Africa on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of Canada on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaAgreement Between the Government of Canada and the Government of Antigua and Barbuda Regarding the Sharing of Forfeited or Confiscated Assets and Equivalent Funds
CanadaA Treaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Drug Trafficking)
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Korea on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaAgreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Barbados Regarding the Sharing of Foregeited or Confiscated Assets and Equivalent Funds
CanadaExchange of Notes constituting an Agreement amending the Treaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Drug Trafficking), done at Ottawa on
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United Mexican States on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between Canada and the People's Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
CanadaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States of America on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ChileAgreement on Abuse Prevention and Repression of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
ChileAgreement on Control and Repression of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances, Precursors, and Essential Chemicals
ChileAgreement on Cooperation to Reduce the Demand, Prevent the Illegal Use and Combat the Production and Illicit Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
ChinaTreaty between Canada and the People's Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ChinaAgreement Between the Government of the United States and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ChinaTreaty Between Australia and the People’s Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ColombiaAgreement on Cooperation to Prevent the Illicit Use of Precursors and Essential Chemical Substances used for the Illicit Production of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
ColombiaAgreement by Exchange of Notes for the Constitution of a Bilateral Work Group to Suppress Criminality and Terrorism
ColombiaAgreement on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ColombiaAgreement on Legal Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the Republic of Colombia
CyprusTreaty Between the Government of the United States of Amercia and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on Mututal Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Czech Rep.Treaty between Canada and the Czech Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
Czech Rep.Treaty Between the United States of America and the Czech Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
DenmarkAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
DenmarkInstrument between the Kingdom of Denmark and the United States of America as contemplated by Article 3(3) of the Agreement on Mututal Legal Assistance between the United States of America and the European Union signed 25 June 2003
DenmarkAgreement of 23 December 2004 with the Hong Kong SAR on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
DominicaTreaty Between the Govenrment of the United States of Amercia and the Government of Saint Lucia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Dominican Rep.Traffic in Narcotic Drugs Convention
EcuadorTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the Republic of Ecuador on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
EcuadorConvention on the Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics
EcuadorConvention on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
EgyptTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
EstoniaTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and Government of the Respublic of Estonia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
FinlandTreaty Between Australia and Finland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
FinlandAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Finland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
FranceAgreement Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the French Republic Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
FranceTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the United States of America and France
FranceTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the French Republic on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
FranceTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of France on Mutual Assistance in Penal Matters
FranceAgreement Between the Government of Hong Kong and the Government of the Republic of France Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
GermanyTreaty between Canada and the Federal Republic of Germany on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
GermanyAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
GermanyTreaty between the United States of America and the Federal Republic of Germany on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
GreeceTreaty Between Australia and the Hellenic Republic (Greece) on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
GreeceTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Hellenic Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
GreeceTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Hellenic Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
GrenadaAgreement between the UK and Grenada concening Mutual Assistance in relation to Drug Trafficking
GrenadaTreaty Between the Govenrment of the United States of Amercia and the Government of Saint Lucia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
GuatemalaConvention on the Repression of the Trafficking of Narcotics
Hong KongAgreement between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of South Africa Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Swiss Federal Council Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of New Zealand Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and Ukraine Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of Australia and the Government of Hong Kong concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Poland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of Hong Kong and the Government of the United States of America Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Finland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of Hong Kong and the Government of the Republic of France Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement of 23 December 2004 with the Hong Kong SAR on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of India Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Ireland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the State of Israel Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Italian Republic Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Government of the Portugese Republic Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and Japan Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Singapore Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Hong KongAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Korea Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
HungaryTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Hungary on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
HungaryTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Hunary on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
HungaryTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Hungary on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland Concerning The Investigation And Prosecution Of Crime And The Tracing, Restraint And Confiscation Of The Proceeds
IndiaAgreement Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The United Arab Emirates On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Betwee the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of India on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the French Republic Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between The Republic Of India And The Republic Of Kazakhstan On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement on Mutual Legal Aid in Criminal Matters between Ukraine and the Republic of India
IndiaAgreement Between the Republic of Indi and the State of Kuwait on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Republic of Korea and the Republic of India
IndiaTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Azerbaijan on Mutual Legal Assistancein Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between The Republic of India and the Republic of Uzbekistan on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement Between the Republic of India and the Kingdom of Bahrain on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of India on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Bulgaria
IndiaTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Belarus on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between The Republic Of India And Mongolia On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The Republic Of Singapore Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the United Mexican States on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of India Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The Republic Of South Africa On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of India on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and Bosnia and Herzegovina on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement Between The Republic Of India And The Kingdom Of Spain On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement on Legal and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters between the Government of the Republic of India and Government of the Sultanate of Oman
IndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaExchange of Letters Between India and Switzerland on Providing Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Tajikistan on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Kyrgyz Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and Australia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The Kingdom Of Thailand On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
IndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndiaAgreement On Mutual Assistance In Criminal Matters Between The Government Of The Republic Of Turkey And The Government Of The Republic Of India
IndonesiaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Indonesia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
IndonesiaAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IranTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IrelandTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Ireland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IrelandAgreement between the UK and Ireland on Co-operation on Criminal Justice Matters
IrelandAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Ireland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IsraelTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IsraelTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IsraelAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the State of Israel Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
IsraelTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
IsraelTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ItalyTreaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Between Australia and the Republic of Italy
ItalyTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Italy on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
ItalyAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Italian Republic Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
JamaicaConvention on the Trafficking of Narcotics
JapanTreaty Between the United States of America and Japan on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
JapanAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and Japan Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
KazakhstanTreaty Between The Republic Of India And The Republic Of Kazakhstan On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
KoreaAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Korea Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
KoreaTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Republic of Korea and the Republic of India
KoreaTreaty with the Republic of Korea on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
KoreaTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Korea on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
KoreaTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Korea on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
KosovoAgreement on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Republic of Kosovo and the Government of the Republic of Turkey
KosovoAgreement on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Republic of Kosovo and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia
KuwaitAgreement Between the Republic of Indi and the State of Kuwait on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
KyrgyzstanTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Kyrgyz Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
LatviaTreaty Between the United States of America and the Republic of Latvia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
LiechtensteinTreaty Between the United States of America and the Principality of Liechtenstein on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
LithuaniaMutual Legal Assistance Treaty Between the United States of America and Lithuania
LuxembourgTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
LuxembourgTreaty Between Australia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
MacedoniaAgreement on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Republic of Kosovo and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia
MalaysiaAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
MalaysiaTreaty between the Government of Australia and the Government of Malaysia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters done at Putrajaya in Malaysia
MalaysiaTreaty between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of Malaysia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
MalaysiaTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Malaysia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
MexicoAgreement on Cooperation for the Combat to Drug Trafficking and Chemical Dependency
MexicoTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the United Mexican States on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
MexicoAgreement of Cooperation for the Fight Against the Abuse and Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances
MexicoCooperation Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
MexicoTreaty Between Australia and the United Mexican States on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
MexicoTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United Mexican States on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
MonacoTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
MongoliaTreaty Between The Republic Of India And Mongolia On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
NetherlandsTreaty between Canada and the Kingdom of the Netherlands on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
NetherlandsAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
NetherlandsTreaty Between Australia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
New ZealandAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of New Zealand Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
NicaraguaConvention on the Prevention of the Illegal Use and Trafficking of Narcotics
NorwayTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
OmanAgreement on Legal and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters between the Government of the Republic of India and Government of the Sultanate of Oman
PanamaConvention on the Prevention and Repression of the Trafficking of Narcotics
ParaguayAgreement on Cooperation to Combat the Traffic of Aircrafts involved in illicit transnational activities
ParaguayConvention on Legal Assistance
ParaguayConvention on the Illegal Use and Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics
PeruTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Peru on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
PeruAgreement on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of Peru
PeruMutual Assistance Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Trafficking of Addictive Drugs
PeruAgreement on Cooperation to Prevent Consumption, Rehabilitation, Production Control and the Illicit Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Related Offenses
PeruConvention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
PeruAgreement on Assistance in Criminal Matters
PhilippinesTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of the Philippines on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
PhilippinesAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
PhilippinesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
PhilippinesTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines
PolandTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Poland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
PolandTreaty Between the United States of America and the Republic of Poland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
PolandAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Poland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
PortugalTreaty Between Australia and the Republic of Portugal on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
PortugalTreaty between Canada and the Republic of Portugal on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
PortugalAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Government of the Portugese Republic Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
RomaniaTreaty Between the United States of America and Romania on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
RomaniaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of Romania on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
RomaniaExtradition Treaty with Romania and Protocol to the Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters with Romania
RussiaTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
RussiaTreaty Between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
RussiaTreaty between Canada and the Russian Federation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Saint LuciaTreaty Between the Govenrment of the United States of Amercia and the Government of Saint Lucia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
SingaporeAgreement Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The Republic Of Singapore Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
SingaporeAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Singapore Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
South AfricaAgreement between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of South Africa Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
South AfricaTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the epublic of South Africa on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
South AfricaTreaty Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The Republic Of South Africa On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
South AfricaTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of South Africa on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
SpainTreaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Between Australia and the Kingdom of Spain
SpainTreaty between Canada and Spain on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
SpainAgreement Between The Republic Of India And The Kingdom Of Spain On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
Sri LankaAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Sri LankaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
St. Kitts and NevisTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Saint Kitts and Nevis on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
St. Vin. and Gren.Treaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
SwedenTreaty Between Australia and Sweden on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
SwedenTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden on Mutual Legal Asssistance in Criminal Matters
SwedenTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of Sweden on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
SwitzerlandAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Swiss Federal Council Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
SwitzerlandTreaty Between Australia and Switzerland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
SwitzerlandTreaty between Canada and the Swiss Confederation on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
SwitzerlandTreaty Between the United States of America and the Swiss Confederation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
SwitzerlandExchange of Letters Between India and Switzerland on Providing Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
TajikistanTreaty Between the Republic of India and the Republic of Tajikistan on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ThailandTreaty Between Australia and the Kingdom of Thailand on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
ThailandTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
ThailandTreaty Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The Kingdom Of Thailand On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
Trinidad and TobagoTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
Trinidad and TobagoTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
TurkeyAgreement on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Republic of Kosovo and the Government of the Republic of Turkey
TurkeyAgreement On Mutual Assistance In Criminal Matters Between The Government Of The Republic Of Turkey And The Government Of The Republic Of India
UkraineAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and Ukraine Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
UkraineAgreement on Mutual Legal Aid in Criminal Matters between Ukraine and the Republic of India
UkraineTreaty Between the United States of America and Ukraine on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
UkraineTreaty between Canada and Ukraine on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
United Arab EmiratesAgreement Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The United Arab Emirates On Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
United Arab EmiratesTreaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United Arab Emirates on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United KingdomAgreement Between The Government Of The Republic Of India And The Government Of The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Northern Ireland Concerning The Investigation And Prosecution Of Crime And The Tracing, Restraint And Confiscation Of The Proceeds
United KingdomAgreement Between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United KingdomAgreement Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning the investigation, restraint and confiscation of the proceeds and instruments of crime
United KingdomThe Convention between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Peoples Democratic Republic of Algeria on Mutual Legal Assistance In Criminal Matters
United KingdomTreaty Between the Government of the United States of Ameriva and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United KingdomTreaty between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United KingdomAgreement between the UK and Grenada concening Mutual Assistance in relation to Drug Trafficking
United KingdomAgreement between the UK and Ireland on Co-operation on Criminal Justice Matters
United KingdomTreaty between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of Malaysia on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
United KingdomTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines
United KingdomA Treaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Drug Trafficking)
United KingdomExchange of Notes constituting an Agreement amending the Treaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Drug Trafficking), done at Ottawa on
United KingdomTreaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United Arab Emirates on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United KingdomTreaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States of America on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty between the United States of America and the Federal Republic of Germany on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Govenrment of the United States of Amercia and the Government of Saint Lucia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Saint Kitts and Nevis on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesAgreement on the Abuse and Illicit Trafficking of Drugs
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and Japan on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesAgreement Between the Government of the United States and the Government of the People's Republic of China on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and the Republic of Latvia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and the Principality of Liechtenstein on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the United States of America and France
United StatesTreaty Betwee the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of India on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Barbados on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the epublic of South Africa on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Belize on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesAgreement on Mutual Legal Assistance between the European Union and the United States of America
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of Amercia and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on Mututal Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and the Republic of Poland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesAgreement Between the Government of Hong Kong and the Government of the United States of America Concerning Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and the Commonwealth of the Bahamas on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and Romania on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden on Mutual Legal Asssistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesProtocol to the Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Austria on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Hunary on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesInstrument between the Kingdom of Denmark and the United States of America as contemplated by Article 3(3) of the Agreement on Mututal Legal Assistance between the United States of America and the European Union signed 25 June 2003
United StatesAgreement on Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the United States of America
United StatesMutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United States of America on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Hellenic Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesMutual Cooperation Agreement for Reducing Demand, Preventing Illicit Use and Combating Illicit Production and Trafficking of Drugs
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and Ukraine on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of Ameriva and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Ireland on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and Government of the Respublic of Estonia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and the Swiss Confederation on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the United States of America and the Czech Republic on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Bermuda Relating to Mututal Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesAgreement on Certain Aspects of Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Bulgaria
United StatesMutual Legal Assistance Treaty Between the United States of America and Lithuania
United StatesExtradition Treaty with Romania and Protocol to the Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters with Romania
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the State of Israel on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Venezuela on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
United StatesTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Malaysia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
UruguayTreaty between Canada and the Oriental Republic of Uruguay on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
UruguayConvention on Legal Cooperation
UruguayConvention on the International Protection of Children
UruguayConvention on the Exchange of Information on Criminal Records
UruguayAgreement on Cooperation for Reducing Demand, Preventing Illicit Use and Combating Production and the Illicit Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and their Precursors and immediate Chemical Products
UzbekistanTreaty Between The Republic of India and the Republic of Uzbekistan on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
VenezuelaAgreement on Prevention, Control, Suppression and Repression of the Illicit Use and Trafficking of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
VenezuelaTreaty Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Venezuela on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
VietnamUnited KingdomTreaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
VietnamIndiaTreaty Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
WHAT ARE MLATS?
Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLATs) are agreements between two or more countries, which create obligations under international law for governments to assist one another in criminal investigations and prosecutions. Law enforcement officers or prosecutors use them when they need help to obtain evidence from within another country’s jurisdiction.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF MLATS?
MLATs create a predictable process for sharing information across jurisdictions. Where MLATs do not exist, letters rogatory, formal requests for information to a foreign court, or informal requests are used, but they lack predictability and oversight.

Many MLATs also include protections to ensure respect for international human rights and domestic privacy protections (see below).

WHAT MLATS ARE THERE?
MLATs can be bilateral or multilateral. There are regional MLA schemes within Europe, the Americas, Commonwealth countries, and South-east Asia. Some of the key regional MLATs include:

Inter-American Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (Inter-American MLAT)
Agreement on Mutual Legal Assistance between the European Union and the United States of America(EU-US MLAT)
European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (EU MLAT)
Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (ASEAN MLAT)
There are also many subject-specific conventions that include MLA provisions. Some of these conventions include: the UN Convention against Corruption; the UN Convention on Transnational Organized Crime; the OECD Convention on the Bribery of Foreign Public Officials; and the UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances. States that are party to these conventions can use the mutual legal assistance provisions for offences that are covered within those conventions.

WHAT KIND OF ASSISTANCE CAN BE OBTAINED UNDER AN MLAT?
Most MLATs are drafted broadly to facilitate a wide range of assistance. Many MLATs state near the beginning of the treaty that governments should provide ‘the widest possible measure of mutual assistance’. They typically provide an inclusive list of the types of assistance that can be provided. Common examples include:

obtaining witness testimony (either voluntarily or by compulsion)
executing search warrants
obtaining bank records
freezing or forfeiting the proceeds of crime.
Recently, there has been huge growth in MLAT requests to access online records. As criminals have gone online to communicate and store their data, government officials need to access this information to investigate and prosecute crimes. Very often, the electronic records are held by companies such as Google, Facebook, Yahoo[JBA1] ! or Twitter. These companies treat the vast majority of their data as being located in California and therefore subject to Californian jurisdiction. If the investigation or prosecution is happening in a country outside of the US, this means that there are multiple jurisdictions involved and an MLAT request may be necessary.

MLATs can be used to obtain a user’s online records; subscriber details, email content, metadata, social media.

WHAT IS THE PROCESS FOR SHARING INFORMATION?
MLATs require a designated agency (“Central Authority”) in each State to handle requests, and some provide a timeline for the production of information. Each MLATs establishes its own procedure, but they generally work as follows:

The Central Authority in the requesting State requests information from the Central Authority in the requested State, using the format specified in the MLAT. MLATs usually specify what information the request needs to include, such as details of the crime under investigation, the name and address of the person under investigation, etc). Some MLATs, including the MLAT between India and Canada, require that each request contain the basis for believing the information will be located in the jurisdiction of the receiving state.
The receiving State determines whether there is a legitimate reason to deny the request for information. If not, they process the request.
Sometimes the requesting state seeks a witness for a trial. In such a case, the MLAT will generally establish guidelines for transporting the person or in some instances will provide procedures for remote testimony.
WHAT IF THERE ISN’T AN MLAT?
Just because there isn’t a formal MLAT between countries does not necessarily mean that they cannot provide mutual legal assistance to one another. Many countries, including the US, can provide or request mutual legal assistance without needing a formal treaty; it depends on each country’s domestic laws

MLA without a treaty is usually made on the basis of reciprocity. This is a formal undertaking that the country requesting assistance will provide assistance to the other government if the situation is reversed in the future (ie if the other government requires mutual legal assistance). The process for providing MLAT without a treaty is usually substantially the same as with a treaty. Without the formal framework of a treaty, the countries rely on their own domestic legislation. Some countries have mirrored the types of safeguards and procedures in their domestic legislation but others have not. In this way, mutual legal assistance that is provided pursuant to a treaty is easier to understand and more predictable to those who are outside of the system.

If the country is not able to conduct MLA without a treaty, it may be able to use the process of letters rogatory. This system predates MLATs but is still available in many countries as a parallel process. Letters rogatory are formal requests for assistance that are made to a judicial authority in another country. This differs from assistance under an MLAT because it is made straight to a court, rather than through the government’s designated central authority. Letters rogatory are usually available to both government officials and to individual defendants.

IS MLAT JUST FOR GOVERNMENTS?
In the vast majority of cases, MLATs are used by and on behalf of government investigators or prosecutors. However, some MLATs specifically allow for defendants to ask that a request be made on their behalf. The request must still be made by the government. In other countries, including the US, defendants are not able to use mutual legal assistance and must instead use letters rogatory.

WHO HAS AN MLAT AGREEMENT WITH MY COUNTRY?
MLATs are publicly available; they’re formal treaties and therefore must be published and registered with the United Nations. However, it’s not always easy to find them, so we have been compiling links to MLATs as part of Access’ commitment to create a more informed, transparent discussion about MLATs.

Even if two particular countries do not have a bilateral MLAT, they may be able to use the mutual legal assistance provisions in multilateral conventions (see discussion above). These multilateral conventions are subject-matter specific, so MLA is only available for offences covered by that convention.

WHEN DO YOU NEED AN MLAT REQUEST FOR ONLINE RECORDS HELD BY A US COMPANY?
The short answer is that there is no clear answer. The longer answer is that it depends on the nature of the information sought (e.g., content or non-content), the offence to which it relates (e.g., whether both the US and the foreign country could have jurisdiction), and which company holds that data.

Content

If the internet company is based in the US, a user’s data has all the protections of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) regardless of whether or not the user is physically in the US. Under ECPA, a company cannot disclose the content of a user’s account except in response to a warrant (or in emergency situations) and only US government officials can obtain such a warrant. This means that foreign governments can only obtain the content of a user’s account with the assistance of the US government. Usually, this will be through a full MLA request (or letter rogatory).

However, if US law enforcement obtains that user’s data as part of a US investigation or prosecution, that information may be able to be shared with foreign law enforcement through police-to-police cooperation. Police-to-police cooperation is governed by informal agreements and memoranda of understanding. The details of these agreements are often not publicly available and the processes are comparatively light on documentation and public oversight.

Some crime types such as online child pornography have an inherently international aspect and will often be able to be characterized as both a US offence and a foreign offence. They therefore lend themselves to this type of information sharing, which means that foreign law enforcement officers can obtain the information without going through a MLA arrangement. More conventional crime types (e.g., murder) will not usually be able to seen as a joint investigation and therefore the foreign law enforcement officers will have to obtain the information through MLA.

Content

The laws and policies on how foreign governments can access non-content information are unsettled and inconsistent. ECPA allows companies to disclose non-content information to non-government entities. However, it does not require them to disclose it or to recognize a foreign court order. This means that disclosure of non-content information is entirely at the discretion of the internet companies. Different companies adopt different policies on this issue. Dropbox and Google take opposite approaches, but both companies are refreshingly open explaining their policy. Other companies’ websites neatly sidestep the issue.

· Google: “On a voluntary basis, we may provide user data in response to valid legal process from non-U.S. government agencies, if those requests are consistent with international norms, U.S. law, Google’s policies and the law of the requesting country.”

· Dropbox: “Dropbox currently requires data requests to go through the U.S. judicial system”.

· LinkedIn: “We disclose account records solely in accordance with our terms of service and applicable law. A Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty request or letter rogatory may be required to compel the disclosure of the contents of an account.”

· Twitter: “U.S. law authorizes Twitter to respond to requests for user information from foreign law enforcement agencies that are issued via U.S. court either by way of a mutual legal assistance treaty or a letter rogatory. It is our policy to respond to such U.S. court ordered requests when properly served.”

· Facebook: “We disclose account records solely in accordance with our terms of service and applicable law. A Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty request or letter rogatory may be required to compel the disclosure of the contents of an account.”

WHAT PRECAUTIONS ARE TAKEN TO ENSURE THE RIGHTS OF PRIVACY AND DUE PROCESS ARE RESPECTED?
Some MLATs make clear that the procedural and substantive laws of both countries need to be considered when requests are made. The Inter-American MLAT, for example, indicates that the law of the receiving state should indicate the protections for third parties who have a stake in the requested items (e.g., the person under investigation or the private company holding the requested data).

The United States Code contains a provision to grant federal judges the power to issue search warrants based on applications they receive from foreign authorities through the Department of Justice. This ensures that investigations initiated by foreign authorities are subject to judicial oversight just as a traditional criminal investigation would be.

Other MLATs prioritize the sharing of information over domestic privacy law. For example, the US-EU MLAT establishes that the legal standards protecting personal data in the requesting state can’t be used by the receiving state as a basis to reject the request.

The Inter-American Commission (IACHR), a body that interprets regional human rights law, has said that MLATs need to conform to human rights by protecting privacy and due process. The IACHR also raised the issue of informal mutual legal assistance being used as a means to circumvent legal protections, violating individuals’ rights to security and liberty and tarnishing any legal proceedings resulting from these unfair practices.

All MLATs should operate in accordance with international law protections. The International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) is a treaty ratified by nearly all countries, and contains protections for privacy and due process. Specifically, Article 17 of the ICCPR protects against unlawful interference with an individual’s right to privacy, including in correspondence, and states that all people are guaranteed the protection of this right. Article 14 grants individuals the right to be informed promptly and in detail of any charges and to defend him or herself with legal representation of her or his own choosing.

ARE THERE LIMITS ON HOW DATA OBTAINED THROUGH MLATS CAN BE USED?
Some MLATs limit the use of data to the purpose stated in the request, but under some treaties, such as in the EU-US MLATs, data can be used for another purpose with the consent of the requested State.

WHEN MAY A STATE REFUSE TO COMPLY WITH A REQUEST FOR INFORMATION?
MLATs contain permissible reasons for rejecting a request for information. The UN Model MLAT includes many of the commonly provided reasons for properly rejecting information requests:

§ The request would interfere with the receiving state’s sovereignty, security, public order, or other essential public interest;

§ The offense is of a political nature;

§ There are substantial grounds to believe the prosecution is based on a person’s race, sex, religion, nationality, ethnic origin or political opinions or they will be prejudiced on those factors;

§ The prosecution in the requesting state would interfere with the double jeopardy law of the receiving state;

§ The prosecution in the requesting state would interfere with the double jeopardy law of the receiving state;

§ The act is an offence under military law, which is not also an offence under ordinary criminal law.

WHAT ARE SOME OF THE PROBLEMS WITH MLATS WHEN USED FOR ONLINE RECORDS?
The MLAT system was designed for the 20th century and struggles to cope with the pace and complexity of data transfers across multiple jurisdictions. It can take a long time for law enforcement to be able to access evidence held online — the President’s Review Group says the average is 10 months — and sometimes in the order of years. There is uncertainty about when data can be shared, with whom, and on what terms, and it all happens with very little transparency or oversight. This is a problem for law enforcement who want to catch criminals, but also for users who are concerned about protecting their privacy and other important rights.

Access has prepared a discussion paper analysing the various problems with MLATs, which can be found [here]

WHAT ARE THE SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS WITH MLATS?
Access has prepared a discussion paper analysing a variety of proposed solutions to improve the MLAT system, which can be found [here].

WHAT DO THE COMPANIES’ TRANSPARENCY REPORTS TELL US ABOUT MLAT REQUESTS?
Since Google first published a transparency report in 2009, other internet companies have gradually followed. Dropbox, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Twitter, Facebook, and Yahoo! all now publish transparency reports. Telecommunications companies are now finally starting to publish transparency reports too, with Verizon having published a first report, and AT&T; and Vodafone signalling an intention to do so as well. These reports provide some insight into the number of law enforcement requests being made to internet companies and telcos. However, it is difficult to use these figures to draw any meaningful conclusions about MLAT requests.

The transparency reports show the number of requests from different foreign countries and then the number from within the US. However, the numbers provided for foreign countries only refer to direct requests made by foreign law enforcement; they do not include the number of requests received through the MLAT process. Instead, MLAT requests are included as part of the requests from US government. This distorts the number of US requests and means that it is impossible to tell how many MLAT requests are being made and from which countries. This problem arises because the companies do not see where an MLAT request originated; they only see the US court processes.

WHERE ARE THE TRANSPARENCY REPORTS FROM GOVERNMENTS?
Good question. Some governments publish annual statistics on the number of MLAT requests made and received, but these reports are often buried in departmental annual reports and are difficult to find unless you know where to look. Many MLATs allow the requesting country to ask for the request to be kept confidential. Governments are often concerned that revealing information about MLAT requests could jeopardize investigations.

As part of the push for transparency, last year Access filed Freedom of Information Act requests with the U.S. Department of Justice and the FBI. The FOIA requests sought “any and all information pertaining to or documenting requests made by foreign countries through Mutual Legal Assistance treaties… with the U.S. that sought… electronic information.”

While we were initially told there were no responsive records to our request, the Department of Justice Office of Information Policy ruled positively on our appeal in late December, requiring the DoJ’s Criminal Division to do another search for this information. We are still waiting on the outcome of this revised search.

WHO PAYS FOR ALL THIS?
Most MLATs specify that each country covers its own costs in processing requests (i.e., the requested country does not ask for any financial contribution from the country seeking assistance). In exceptional circumstances, such a particularly expensive request, the requested country can ask for financial assistance.

POLICY ANALYSIS
Introduction
The MLAT system was designed for the 20th century and struggles to cope with the pace and complexity of data transfers across multiple jurisdictions. There is uncertainty about when data can be shared, with whom, and on what terms, and it all happens with very little transparency or oversight. This is a problem for law enforcement who want to catch criminals, but also for users who are concerned about protecting their privacy and other important rights.

This section aims to become a repository of useful information and analysis on MLATs and the way in which they apply to online records. These papers kickstart the discussion about what is wrong with the current MLAT system and how it could be reformed.

Introductory and general information can be found on the FAQ page.

What is wrong with the MLAT system?

It is often stated that the system for sharing online records internationally in criminal matters is broken. However, behind this apparent agreement is a collection of assumptions that we are all talking about the same system and the same problems. This discussion paper identifies key problems with the system in order to kick-start an informed, creative process for generating solutions.

What are the solutions to the MLAT problem?

MLAT reform needs to be a wide-ranging suite of initiatives, led by governments, companies, and civil society. Reforms should aim to build an efficient, effective system of international sharing of online records for criminal matters. Such a system can only be achieved through safeguarding human rights and promoting transparency, certainty, and accountability. Moreover, human rights are better protected by a rights-respecting mutual legal assistance system than the status quo, which often defaults to informal cooperation mechanisms, which have fewer procedural protections and are less transparent.

This paper aims to capture recommended reforms that have already been proposed, as well as to generate new ideas for solutions. It is aimed at the small but dedicated group of individuals within government, civil society, and the private sector who work on these issues and are keen to improve it.

Options for MLAT and law enforcement cooperation reform?

This paper provides both domestic and international policy suggestions that promote human rights, efficiency, and clarity in MLATs and law enforcement cooperation. The suggestions are for business and government leaders desiring more effective, rights respecting systems for sharing records in criminal matters.